when to plant currant bushes
Plant currants slightly deeper than they grew in their nursery container, and space them 4 to 5 feet (1 to 1.5 m.) apart. In a hedge, space each plant at least 30 inches (80 cm) apart. Container-grown bushes are available to buy and plant all year round, but will establish better if planted in autumn or winter. Commonly grown for their lush foliage, Ribes alpinum, also called "alpine currants," are mound-forming deciduous shrubs that can grow up to 6’ tall. Spacing is the same at 5ft between plants for bushes but red and white currants can also be grown as single, double or triple cordon plants with spacings of 1.5, 3 and 4 foot respectively. Currants are small berries that pack a lot of nutrition. Their striking green foliage changes shades throughout the year, starting as bright green in the spring, dark green in the summer, and a warm yellow in the fall months. Currants grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. Order Now! Reds and pinks are used primarily in jams and jellies because they are quite tart. With … Follow the Nature-and-Garden tips on how to plant a shrub. Bear in mind that redcurrants and whitecurrants will grow too fast if overfed, so don’t spoil them. Do not plant near wild plants or plants whose origins are unknown. In warmer climates, plant currant bushes in a cool spot with northern exposure. Currants are a hardy, easy-to-grow berry that foes well in pies, jams or pastries. Currant bushes are an attractive addition to the home garden, taking up scant space against walls, trellis, and foundations. This is called heading back and is always done to a healthy bud. For more information, check out Consort Black Currants on the Burpee website. Set each plant at least 6cm (2.25in) deeper than it was previously, so it develops into a multi-stemmed stool bush. The alpine currant is very hardy, tolerating winter temperatures as low as -50 degrees Fahrenheit and is drought-tolerant. Plants should be spaced a short stride apart to make a hedge or a full stride apart if being grown as individual specimens. You need to start with the fact that the most successful way of reproduction of any currant — layering. This encourages more than one central stem to grow and seems to result in a more healthy bush. Use an insecticide developed for dealing specifically with sawfly. Water in dry spells but not while the fruits are ripening as this may cause them to split. Our experience is that that they are best planted 5cm / 2in deeper than they are in the pot. Make sure to water your currant plants regularly, especially during the summer months. High in nutrition and low in fat, its no wonder currants are more popular than ever. In this case we are focusing on bush growing as it is the easiest, has the highest yield and is the most common method. Typically, you’ll only select one type to avoid cross-pollination, unless you have separate areas to plant the bushes. Buy yours today! Mail order fruit nurseries have a great range of bare-root plants in autumn and winter. Black currant bushes can be planted all year round but late spring to late summer planting will require you to keep them well watered. Even so, planting is still best done in autumn, while the soil is still warm enough to get the roots growing but watering is not usually necessary. Bushes of the various currant varieties grow to different sizes, and the black currant bush is the largest, growing from 5 to 6 feet tall and wide. Plants will fail to flourish if roots are too deep or too shallow. From the team at Gardeners' World Magazine. It’s best to avoid windy positions because soft fruit tends to have easily-damaged foliage, so plant redcurrant bushes in a sheltered site. Red currants commence ripening in mid Summer. Propagating flowering currant. Plant. It is around this time of the year that I like to start one of my favorite gardening activities – dreaming about next year! Pack soil firmly around the roots. You will see blackcurrants for sale in two forms: bare-root stock (as the name suggests, the roots are exposed when you purchase these plants) or in containers. A purple-stemmed perennial, that is content in most well-drained soil types. The best time to plant is in the dormant season, November to March, but avoid periods when the soil is frozen or very wet. How to grow blackcurrants. High in nutrition and low in fat, it’s no wonder currants are more popular than ever. In small gardens, blackcurrants can be grown in containers. It is a good idea to plant currant bushes in fall or until spring, while avoiding frost spells. Planting in a zigzag also gives the bed a more interesting look. If your soil is clay or sandy, work in lots of organic matter before planting, or prepare a raised bed. Homemade currant jams and pies are making a comeback in the United States. If you’re planting in spring, water more regularly during the first months, because your shrub will need more water to develop its roots over the summer months. Plant bare-root redcurrants between November and March in well-drained soil. In the winter, prune any old branches that are close to the ground, any that are crossing, or obviously old canes. Water currant shrubs regularly to keep the soil moist from the time they begin growing in spring until after harvest. Read free planting guide 1-3 months before planting. It … The fruit can be used in all kinds of cooking and the currant bushes themselves make an attractive feature in any garden. You should keep in mind that saline soils or soils with poor drainage is bad for currants. Top A colorful array of currants. Keep the fertilizer 12 inches (30 cm.) These local resources can also help you choose the variety that grows best in the area. 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